...where men embroider and a churl (gbur) is a landlord…
In terms of variety of tourist attractions hardly any other place can compete with this region. Stone circles attract UFO researchers and dowsers from all around the world, a three thousand year old barrow, massive aqueducts, impenetrable forests, medieval buildings and castles, emerald, crystal-clear lakes and the seaside..
Teodora and Izydor Gulgowski Kashubian Etnograpical Park in Wdzydze Kiszewskie
83-406 W±glikowice tel./fax (0 prefix 58) 686-11-30
tel./fax (0 prefix 58) 686-12-88
is the oldest Polish museum in the open air founded in 1906.We are the wide world known museum popularised by the first foundators -Teodora and Izydor Gulgowscy .They caused that at the beginning of the 20th c. handwork from Wdzydze ,ex. embroidery and plaiting regained their lost splendour which has made Kashubian District famous for. Having been arranged and enlarged for so many years,now the Museum presents architecture of past Kashubian and Kociewian Districts from 18th up to first half of the 20th c.In the area of 22 ha there are approximately 40 buildings like:7 farmyards, 2 manor houses, 5 cottages, 4 nobleman houses, a village school with a classroom, a chuch, a sawmill, a windmill, a smithy. Interiors and crofts are furnished with original farming and dwelling equipment. While walking along village roads you can admire various wayside chapels, crosses, fences. Picturesque location by the Lake Gotun ( one part of the Wdzydze Lakes Chain) is another advantage of the Museum in addition to the flora variety (wood, park green, flower and vegetable gardens and agriculture ). Some of the old technical devices are temporarily used, ex.the windmill "Holender ", the sawmill driven by steam engine, potter's wheel, bread oven). The antique churh still performs its services like masses, weddings, etc. The Museum can entertain the visitors all year long, it is particularly attractive for those who appreciate peace and quiet in a natural surrounding. (The Museum is also a part of WDZYDZE LANDSCAPE PARK).
The West Kashubian Museum in Bytów
ul. Zamkowa 2, 77-100 Bytów, te/fax. 0-59 822 2623
The ethnographic collection include tools and equipment which document the state of material culture in south-western part of the Kashubian Region ranging from farming and crafts to household utensils
The Museum of Kashubian Ceramics
ul. Gryfa Pomorskiego 65
tel. (058) 684-22-89
tel.domowy (058) 681-08-17
The museum has an exhibition of three generations of potters' works. Visitors are free to have a go at a pottery making. Clay souvenirs are available for sale.
The Franciszek Treder Kashubian Museum
83-300 Kartuzy, ul.Ko¶cierska 1
tel./fax. (58) 681-03-78<
tel. (58) 681-14-42
Museum shows interiors of Kashubians households, ways and tools of farming and fishing. Contemporary Kashubian art is also on display.
The Slovian Village Museum in Kluki
tel./fax (48 - 59) 846-30-20
Leaflets about the museum, postcards and posters as well as ethnographical and historical publications are on sale at the cash-desk.
Kashubia is where the Kashubian is spoken
The boundaries of Kahubia, as this is the region in question, can hardly be traced on a map. It spreads out from Gdansk as far west as Slupsk, and as far to the south as Człuchów, encompassing the Kashubian Lake District and Bory Tucholskie (Tuchola Woods). Its northern boundary is marked by the Baltic Sea. Nevertheless, we can say the Kashubia is where Kashubian people live as Kasuhbia is not a historic but rather
an ethnographic region. It is the Kashubian people who create the unique atmosphere of the place. Inhabitants of the region use their own distinct language, which is unintelligible for the people from outside. Local children learn 'Kashubian alphabeth' singing a 6-stanza song . Inhabitants of other regions are often perplexed at the meaning of some words. For example Kashubian word for a rich landlord is gbur (a churl).
Embroidery, wickerwork and…
The Kashubian people are famous for their embroidery. Although richly adorned clothing fell into disuse almost a hundred years ago, embroidering is still very popular. With time, five separate schools of the craft were set up. The oldest was founded as early as in the year 1200! The craft is so popular that it is not uncommon to see a man embroider. The main motives used in Kashubian embroidery, are wild flowers, such as bell flowers or forget-me-nots, and also tulips primarily used in church embroidery.
The tradition of wickerwork is almost as long as that of embroidery. In the past poor shepherds would weave baskets, rucksacks and buckets using long and thin fir roots. This rare craft is still practiced and its centre is a town called Wdzydze. Original Kashubian ceramics is also well worth seeing.
Local cuisine is very interesting. Salted herrings and eels make a lovely snack. The latter are a vital ingredient of a dish called prażnica, made of scrambled eggs. Czernica is a dark soup made of duck's or pig's blood. In the past it was served to bachelors who were refused a maid's hand. Everyone should taste potatoes with goose lard as well as a dish called bantczi
made of char-grilled plaice. Many Kashubian households still use old bread stoves. In the past people used them on Saturdays to bake bread for the whole week. Its two main ingredients were soured milk and potatoes. In some houses bread is still being baked according to old recipes, especially before Christmas, Easter and harvest time. Taking snuff was an important element of the Kashubian culture. It was connected with various customs
and being treated to snuff was a matter of a great honour. Nowadays snuff has become very popular among young people.
A chest of attractions
Kashubian culture is only a fraction of what the region has to offer. We cant forget about seaside rest with sail-boats, canoes and long walks in the woods full of mushrooms and wild animals. Bory Tucholskie (The Tuchola Woods) with the biggest of Polish aqueducts is an extraordinary tourist attraction. In the winter, Kashubia is a centre of iceboats, attracting enthusiasts of this sport from all around the country.
The cultural richness of the native inhabitants of the Gdansk Pomerania: Kashubians' and Kociewiak's tribe, is presented in numerous museums, the most notable of which is the oldest open-air museum in Poland, founded in 1906 in Wdzdze Kiszewskie.
The museum comprises more than 40 elements: peasant and nobility households, mansions and huts, a rural school, a church, 2 windmills, a frame sawing machine, a forge, an inn. The buildings and crofts equipped in pristine farm utensils invite the visitors inside. The wayside shrines, crosses and fences make the walk along the Museum's numerous paths and roads a
memorable experience. Its picturesque setting at Golun Lake adds to attractiveness of the museum. Some of the antique appliances are temporarily activated, for example frame sawing machine, potters wheel, bread oven etc. Apart from visiting permanent and temporary
exhibitions, there are also many attractive folk shows such as the annual Wdzydzki Fair organised always on the third Sunday of August, and Museum lessons presenting traditional plays, customs and occupations.